Manuel de Falla (1876-1946), represents the culmination of Nationalism. After spending his youth in Cadiz, his hometown, he moved in 1897 to Madrid, and then to Paris, where he met Debussy, Picasso and Isaac Albéniz. In 1914 he moved back to Spain, first to Madrid and later to Granada finally going away as an exile because of the Spanish Civil War to Argentina, where he dies in 1946.
After his first productions like opera La vida breve, goes through an ‘andalucista’ style with ballets like El amor brujo. This ‘Danza del fuego’ is part of the ballet:
This work was written at the request of the dancer Pastora Imperio.
El sombrero de tres picos, written for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes premiered in London and designed by Picasso.