♪Flamenco I: Influences♪

Flamenco is is a form of Spanish folk music and dance from the region of Andalusia. It includes cante (singing), toque (guitar playing) and baile (dance).

Short video intro

Gypsies who came to Spain in the XV absorbed all the cultural influenced in Spain:

1. Arabian melodies (melismatic, ornamented, insistent on a note) and the use of the guitar, typical in the moorish music.

2. Folkloric spanish dances, with its ternary rhythms, like the fandango (ternary, eight-syllable verses, castanets, phrygian cadence, similar to the jota):

Fandango rhythm

and the seguidilla (seven and five-syllable verses, bandurria, laud…):

Seguidillla

and the bolero:

Bolero

3. Classical music, influenced itself by the folkloric spanish dances, specially during the Baroque. Boccherini, is a clear example:

Scarlatti also used the fandango rhythm and harmony:

Both composers lived in Spain, where they met with the folkloric dances.

 Gluck and Mozart included fandangos also in their operas.

The phrygian cadence, used in the fandango,  later known as ‘cadencia andaluza’, is very common in the flamenco:

cadencia andaluza

In recent years flamenco has become popular all over the world and is taught in many countries. In Japan there are more flamenco academies than there are in Spain. 

On November 16, 2010 UNESCO declared flamenco one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

Acerca de AMC

Blog dedicado a la enseñanza de la música bilingüe en secundaria. Aquí recopilo todos los recursos que me son de utilidad, tanto de propia creación como de otras webs.
Esta entrada fue publicada en 4ºESO, bolero, Dance, fandango, flamenco, seguidilla, Spanish folklore y etiquetada , , , , , , , , . Guarda el enlace permanente.

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