Martín Codax was a galician medieval joglar possibly from Vigo in present day Spain. He may have been active during the middle of the thirteenth century. He is one of only two out of a total of 88 authors of cantigas d’amigo.
This is a genre of medieval lyric poetry, apparently rooted in a song tradition native to the north of the iberian peninsula. What mainly distinguishes the cantiga de amigo is its focus on a world of female-voiced communication. In these cantigas the speaker is nearly always a girl, her mother, the girl’s girl friend, or the girl’s boyfriend.
Stylistically, they are characterized by simple strophic forms, with repetition, variation, and parallelism, and are marked by the use of a refrain (around 90% of the texts).