Rap is a musical form that incorporates “rhyme, rhythmic speech, and street vernacular,” (slang) which is sung over a musical accompaniment of “beats”, usually created by sampling old records. The components of rapping include “content”, “flow” and “delivery”.
*El delivery es lo que engloba al timbre y volumen de la voz, la enunciación, el control de la respiración entre otros detalles. El flow le añade “emociones”, ya sea para hacer un flow cómico, medio descompuesto, triste o con locura. Vendría a ser como una subrama del termino “Flow”.
Ejemplo: ‘Kim’ de Eminem.
The word rap (meaning originally “to hit”), was used to describe quick speech and is very old (16th century). The term “rap” is closely associated with hip-hop music, but they are not the same: there is hip hop without rapping, such as instrumental songs.
Rapping can be delivered over a beat, typically provided by a DJ, turnablist or Beatboxer, or without accompaniment.
Old-School Hip Hop (also spelled “Old Skool”) describes the earliest commercially recorded hip hop music (1979–1983).
The image, styles and sounds of the old school were exemplified by figures like Afrika Bambaataa, The Sugarhill Gang, Grandmaster Flash, Rock Steady Crew, Spoonie Gee, Newcleus, Treacherous Three, Funky Four Plus One, Kurtis Blow, Busy Bee Starski, Lovebug Starski, The Cold Crush Brothers, Kool Moe Dee, Warp 9 and Fab Five Freddy.
It is characterized by the simpler rapping techniques and the general focus on party. There were however, exceptions, such as Brother D and Kurtis Blow who explored socially relevant ideas.
Golden age hip hop is a name given to mainstream hip hop music created in the late 1980s and early 1990s, typically by artists and musicians originating from New York.
It is characterized by its diversity, quality, innovation and influence on hip hop. There were various types of subject matter and the sampling from old records was eclectic.
The artists most often associated with the period are LL Cool J, Run–D.M.C., Public Enemy, the Beastie Boys, KRS-One, Eric B. & Rakim, De La Soul, Big Daddy Kane, EPMD, A Tribe Called Quest, Slick Rick, Ultramagnetic MC’s, and the Jungle Brothers.
They co-existed with early gangsta rap artists such as Ice-T, Geto Boys and N.W.A, the sex raps of 2 Live Crew and Too Short, and party-oriented music by Kid ‘n Play, The Fat Boys, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince and MC Hammer.